The first Armistice Day, 1918 | WHAT REALLY HAPPENED X-Frame-Options: DENY X-Frame-Options: SAMEORIGIN

The first Armistice Day, 1918

At the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918, an armistice, or temporary cessation of hostilities, was declared between the Allies and Germany in World War I, then known as the "Great War". Although the Treaty of Versailles, signed on June 28, 1919, marked the official end of the war, the public still saw November 11 as the date that marked the end of the Great War.

At 2.05 on 11 November 1918, after four years of conflict, a German delegation boarded the railway carriage of the Allied Supreme Commander Marshal Ferdinand Foch, a few hours north of Paris. Negotiations went on for three days, and the German representatives were close to accepting the terms of the armistice, a formal agreement to end the fighting.

The Germans were defeated by a brutal summer; Over the past four months, Allied and American forces had overwhelmed the last line of German defense in the Battle of the Hundred Days of Offensive. On 9 November 1918, Kaiser Wilhelm II was persuaded to seek refuge in the Netherlands.

In the early hours of 11 November, the final terms were set and at 5.12 a.m. the armistice was signed. It announced a "cessation of hostilities on land and in the air six hours after signing". The terms of the agreement included: immediate German withdrawal from territories acquired during the conflict; disarmament and demilitarization of the German army; and the release of Allied prisoners. The conditions made it impossible for Germany to resume any fighting.

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