Academics in Egypt have been left scratching their heads after a decision by President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi to grant civilian scientific degrees to students of military colleges.
The July announcement, largely overlooked by local media, has caused anger inside academic circles, as some say it trespasses on the sanctity of academia.
"This decision violates the constitution," Mustafa Kamel al-Sayed, a political science professor at Cairo University, told Middle East Eye.
"Constitutionally speaking, the minister of defence does not have the right to offer civilian college degrees."
Under the new measure, the minister of defence will be able to grant civilian degrees to graduates of different military colleges.